Posts Tagged ‘Durand Line’



One of the most Corrupt Region in Pakistan is FATA , Federally Administered Area of Tribal Area , which is controlled not by Constitution of Pakistan , which is not implemented here .

FATA is Governed  by just one Article of constitution which is called , Article 247 , which has implemented laws that  are 150 Years old and made by British Empire by Lord Curzun a British Viceroy of East India company called , the  FCR , Frontier crimes Regulation .

Area of  Pakistan as FATA not under Pakistan Constitution:  

FATA consists of the following Areas , as according to Article 247 of constitution , which are not governed by Pakistan constitution and it laws and neither the Parliament National Assembly or the Provincial Assembly Governs it  are as Follows:

A:   7 Tribal  Agencies from North to South Along the Durand Line which are: 

  1. Bajaur Agency
  2. Mommand Agency
  3. Khyber Agency 
  4. Orakzai Agency 
  5. Kurrum Agency
  6. North Waziristan
  7. South Waziristan

B:  6 FR or Frontier Areas from North to South while Being Inside of Pakhtunkhwa Area  : 

  1. Fr Peshawar 
  2. Fr Kohat 
  3. Fr Lakki Marwat 
  4. Fr Bannu 
  5. Fr Tank 
  6. Fr DI Khan  

These are the Enslaved Areas Federal Areas ( Fr Areas )  , although the Fall geographically Inside of boundaries of Pakhtunkhwa Province .

C:  6 PATA AREAS Provincially Administered tribal Areas in Pakhtunkhwa  :

  1. Dir Upper
  2. Dir Lower
  3. Swat (including Kalam)
  4. The Tribal Area in Kohistan District
  5. Malakand District
  6. The Tribal Area adjoining (Batagram, Allai and Black Mountain of Hazara),Mansehra District.
  7. The former state of Amb in Hazara.

D:  6 PATA AREAS Provincially Administered tribal Areas in Pakhutnkhwa Annexed Area now in Baluchistan Previously under state of Kalat  that was Part of Pakhtunkhwa till 1971 :

  1. Zhob District
  2. Loralai District (excluding Duki Tehsil)
  3. Dalbandin Tehsil of Chagai District
  4. Marri Tribal Territory in Sibi District
  5. Bugti Tribal Territory in Sibi District

These are the Enslaved Areas Federal Areas ( Fr Areas )  , although the Fall geographically Inside of boundaries of Baluchistan Province .

They are also tribal Areas but they are not Governed by FATA secretariat but are controlled by the Pakhtunkhwa secretariat  and Baluchistan Secretariat those area which were Previously under FATA secretariat and “”Safron Ministry “”but they also come under ambit of President of Pakistan Direct rule under Article 247 and Lord Curzon Laws of East Indian company meant to Enslave the Pashtuns and not the Parliament of Pakistan or even the Parliament of Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan .

FATA secretariat and their Administration is also confusing as one Member from each District sits in Provincial Assembly of Pakhtunkhwa but he cannot make Rule for his PATA , constituency and has to seek Permission of President of Pakistan .

Furthermore PATA is under 247 of 1973 Constitution that still maintains the Draconian Law of FCR 40 even under PATA and one is denied of Human Rights and Rights Guaranteed under the constitution of Pakistan that is inherent in Basic unchangeable Right Articles that forms the basis of

History of FATA Laws : 

It is one of Big Mysteries of Pakistan is FATA really part of Pakhtunkhwa or not ?? , why Pakistan and Jinnah would keep the British Laws intact Behaving like Dictators and why they want to Impose this on People of FATA  Draconian Laws that separates it from Pakhtunkhwa , While Pakhtunkhwa had Article 247 Like Lord Curzons Laws with FCR 40 Laws just as Currently held in FATA currently .

After the Durand Line was Made starting from Gilgit Baltistan “” FANA ( Federally Administered Northern Areas )

IT was in 1930,s that Massacre of “””Qisa Khawani Peshawar””” , Happened and it was Bacha khan and their Supporters who were Butchered by the British by Firing on unarmed Protesters who were Protesting not allowing Political Party ANP Awami National Party Made by Bacha Khan to raise Voice of Pashtuns Against British these Same Draconian and Against Human right Laws that it had only Implement in this Part of the World and only Against Pashtuns .

It is these Black Laws  that are now Part of Article 247 of Pakistan constitution, and its Democratic right to Govern by the British and they imprisoned Bacha Khan and people of Peshawar and Pashtuns of Pakhtunkhwa rose to defend him and 1000 People of Peshawar fell in front of Machine Guns that were Manned by Punjab regiment with Sepoy,s from Punjab  from Mardan Center under Gora Officers , after the Nepalese Gorkhas , refused to Fire on un -Armed People famously .

The British Govt under it Elected Democratic PM sent a Team to Investigate and the Team came and held a Judicial Inquiry and it asked Bacha Khan and their followers , the reason and they demanded the removal of these Black Laws and hence it was Agreed to remove the Laws from whole “”NWFP”” , which is currently Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan as one province at that time .

IT is Ironic that FATA was Kept as such as even by the British cantonment would be Attacked by these Tribal and loot and Plunder the cantonment , and Peshawar areas and their Killings . so FATA was kept as Such to Protect themselves from these Tribes of FATA .In order to do that British used a cunning Tactics via their bureaucracy that were run by Grandson of Mir Jaffar “‘ President Skinder Mirza “”‘  from East Pakistan who was Titled “”” Traitor of India “”” and his name is Synomous to Traiotr , he was Later President of Pakistan and some Qadiani Elements in Bureaucracy of Pakistan and Pakhtunkhwa and the Pashtun Politicians like “”Sherpao Family”” and the “”Sahibzadas””,  “Babers and “”Arbabs “”Deobandi Mullahs of Pashtun Area , who had Pledged Allegiance Punjabi Based Deobandis with close Ties to British at that time under Qasim Naintawi and Mehmod ul Hassan and Obaid Ullah Sindhi all Punjabis and Previous Tutors in East Indian company of Arabic and Persian under “”Sir Syed Ahmad Khan “”” an Indian Pashtun who had been translator from the British and Mr Durand and Rooskeepal British Political Agents representing East India company Viceroy “””Lord Curzon”” in Durand Line commission.

One of them Qadiani Sahbzaada Abdul Qayum Khan was Man who drew the Durand line and had represented the British as Tehsildar Khyber Agency . was Astute Qadiani and this is the Line that has Divided the Pashtuns into Afghan and Pashtuns although they are “””Synomous Words””” actually and then Pashtuns were Later divided and Rule into Tribals and Pashtuns of Pakhtunkhwa and then Baluchistan was Annexed from it as “””Baluchistan “”, It should Also be Mentioned that Afghan rulers at time of Durand Line has Entrusted a Qadiani ” Sahibzada Abdul Latif “”” best friend of “”Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan”””  of Swabi who had converted him to Qadianism , and who had named his name on his Brother as ” Sahibzada Abdul Latif ” in token of his deed and his Effort to make “””Durand line””” ,  while he represented the Afghan Government in Durand line commission in 1898 .

These Mullahs were on pay role of British and they formed the Maliks and also the tehsildars and political Administration of KPK and FATA area and they made an Alliance towards not making FATA same as NWFP/KPK and demanded a separate Laws of FCR 40 and Lord Curzon Laws , currently under Article 247 of Pakistan 1973 Constitution.

Not much has changed even when the British Left and they Passed a Law called the Partition Act where all the Previous laws were null and Void and FATA even after Partition was kept the same when there was no Legal basis and First constitution of “”Liaqat ali Khan “””Objective Resolution “” had no Mention of FATA .

These Same traitors and British Chamchas  Bureaucrats of British era become the Presidents and Majority Muslim Leaguers under Jinnah and also the Generals in the Army and usurped power from the Politicians and they wanted to use the FATA for their”” Great Game Strategy””‘ and “””Strategic depth”””” after they formed Alliances with USA and NATO in Baghdad pact and they wanted dearly the Draconian Lord Curzon Laws and wanted to complete what that British had left incomplete because of two World wars and Lack of Army manpower after 1945 when WW2 Ended . They wanted Invasion of Afghanistan and Central Asia Dearly .

Generals Ayub Khan family being Son of a traitor of Soil  “””Mir Dad Khan Subedar””” of in Mardan Based Punjab regiment and Hudson Horse under col Hudson who was Killed by his Own sepoys for these Inhuman Atrocities in 1857 “”, who had had cut the Head of Last Muslim Emperor “””Bahudur Shah Zafar “”” and Hanged his 5 Sons in 1857 , was one Leading this and He implemented the martial law in Pakistan with help of his “”‘Qadiani Friends in Takht I Lahore”””” and hence , from 1958 , this Strategy was started and Nothing changed now the Kala Sahib was In charge after Gora Sahib Left .  The Qadiani Judges like Justice Munir Ahmad and Bureaucrats like Ch Zafar Ullah Khan and in Planning commission ” Grandson of  Qadiani Prophet “””Mirza Ghulam Ahmad”” “””Mian Muzafar Ahmad ( Planner of Kalabagh Dam ) was chief Planning commission head all  contributed in Supporting the Army Generals Ayub Khan and causing a Pause of Pakistan Democracy and Constitution called “” Nazria Zorat “”.

The Bureaucracy of Punjab and the Generals of Punjab wanted FATA for their Misadventures in Afghanistan and Central Asia and Americans were friend not Master rather the Opposite in this Gerat Game and FATA was the Launching Pad and Officer of Army were sent to USA to get Trained from Incompetent Generals who Passed Last on Merit in  “””PMA””” and were not fit for and Below Average officers like “”General Zia( failed his Staff college Quetta ) “”” (  to Hamid Gul to Mushraff and also other contributed who were never fit to be even a col in Pakistan Army on Merit .

FATA , was forcibly Made as what it is today , later some Areas of Pakhtunkhwa like , the following in 1971 , were made Part of FATA who were Never even in FATA under the British as the Kala Sahib were more active then the “”Gora Sahib””,  like “”””Bajaur Agency””” , “””Swat””” , and Malakand Agency and “””Upper Dir “””and””” Lower Dir””” , and “”Shangla””” etc was made into FATA , under Zulfiqar Ali bhutto and the Generals Yayha Khan “” after Protests Against one unit was made by Pashtun Politicians like Wali Khan of ANP and East Pakistani Politicians . The Assemblies of Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan were Dissolved and a Punjabi Rajput “””Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto””‘ son of British Chamcha,  “””Sir Shah Nawaz Khan “”” a Punjabi who was Given Land in Sind for his Service to British was part of this Scheme.

The East Pakistan 60% of Pakistan Broke away in Protest and Pashtun never did any Protest and Became””” Loyal Pakistanis””” serving under the Punjabi establishment Draconian Black Laws and in the forefront were the “””””Tribals  FATA Walas and their Political Agents and “””Maliks””” who were loyal to British found their other Pattern the Punjabis . The Punjabi Assumed the Position of God Like Causalities with FCR 40 and Article 247 , which was put in First even Democratic constitution of Pakistan in 1973.

The Maliks British Stooges and their son got the Position of 8 FATA senators and 12 MNA but no MPA, in Pakhtunkhwa to which they were Part of . This was a Mystery that is not Explainable on Basis of common Sense .


Is FATA Part of Pakhtunkhwa Big Mystery : 

So it is Big Mystery that is FATA being so different from Pakhtunkwa and yet it is not a Province , But it is Governed as a Different as Different Province , according to the constitution of Pakistan and it is Governed by only one Article , Called 247 , which makes the Lord Curzons Black Laws “”” FCR 40″”” as Laws of Tribal Areas be it FATA or PATA and direct Rule of President of Pakistan , some of the Anomalies of this small Strip of Land which is on Durand line facing Afghanistan ,

It Makes one wonder why the “”Kala Sahib “”” , go to Extreme Lengths to make it without  certain Personal  Rights, Democracy and Right to Elect their Leaders  and Human Rights that is Guaranteed to other Pakistani and not Tribal people belonging to only one Ethnicity that is Pashtuns.

Why a Stick Policy is needed for One Race and not other Pakistani , why Punishment and not the Goodies or Carrots are Needed to Govern them . The British Have left but the Kala Sahib is still there and more Loyol as”””” Loyol Puris””” Punjabis  to Gora Sahib that want to maintain thier Union jack over FATA Tribal and Claims this is Wanted by them ???? as Lies Perpetuated by Pakistani Media and agents of Punjabi Establishment.

Role of Mass Media of Pakistan  FATA : 

They say it is their culture and Tradition to confuse the People of Pakistan and claim that ., Tribal are Donkeys “”” who need a Stick on their Back to Function Properly as they are Stupid and un Worthy of Being a Democratic traditions . Although Evidence is Other wise , Pakhtunkhwa by contrast Always Votes the Best as compared to Punjabis who jimps over boad and selects the generals in Uniform and also thier Army Selected Poltiicains as thier favorites Mostly punjabis and Muhajirs offocourse .

No Jurisdiction of Parliament and Pakistan Secretariat in FATA  : 

The Pakistan Constitution and National Assembly has no Jurisdiction in FATA , that is under Direct Federal Rule of Islamabad and is controlled by the President of Pakistan and the FATA secretariat which is not under Pakistan Secretariat that controls Pakistan.

No Jurisdiction of Pakhtunkhwa Parliament and its Secretariat in FATA  : 

The Pakhtunkhwa parliament and Pakhtunkhwa Secretariat does not control FATA and its Laws and it is controlled Directly by the FATA Secretariat under President  of Pakistan .

No Jurisdiction of Supreme court in FATA : 

There is no Jurisdiction of Supreme court and High court of Pakthunkhwa in FATA , as it is termed as FATA Federal Jurisdiction Area under Islamabad by Pakistan constitution under Article 247 and it is not governed by the National and Provincial Assembly and hence , the Governance is controlled b Article 247 , just one Point Agenda of Pakistan Constitution and it says that FCR 40 ,which are 40 Laws that Govern the Justice and Law system of FATA

No Jurisdiction of Peshawar high court in FATA 

 Even when FATA is considered as Part of Pakhtunkhwa or not is a mystery for all Practical Purposes that , Peshawar high court has no Jurisdiction in FATA and recently Passed Changed in Article 247 sub Section ( 6) , only Says now that , FATA people have Right to challenge the Authority of Political Agents of FATA secretariat in Islamabad under the  President of Pakistan under a Tribunal constituted by Retired or Serving Judges or Peshawar High court but will work under the Rules of Article 247 and FCR 40 . common on this is another Joke on people of FATA . what is use of Such Rubbish Amendment in first place when , other 300 to 500 Article of constitution are not implemented in FATA . The Punjabi Establishment  will continue to remain the God like in FATA as matter of current laws are concerned and they will continue to Play the Games .

No Jurisdiction of Islamabad high court in FATA 

Recently when Islamabad High court came into being , which has Jurisdiction in Federal controlled Areas ,  7 FATA Agencies and 6 FR Areas were conveniently left out and this happened, and later when even an Amendment took place that allowed appeal process after Political Agent makes a Decision under the Article 247 and FCR 40 He cannot be challenged in the Islamabad High court although Peshawar high court can theoretically but not according to constitution of Pakistan but in Limited way only it can look into the 40 Laws which are called the FCR 40 and under Article just one Article of Constitution that is called Article 247 . A joke was Played with FATA People and they were Given the Feeler they are Slaves and will be treated like the Slaves in future  as well .

When  No Jurisdiction of NAB in FATA 

It is so Curious that , FATA which is controlled by the Bureaucrats is Home of highest corruption in Pakistan , yet when it comes to Implementation of Nab FATA , exempted because of two simple reason that , NAB is only Used for Political Victimization of Politicians and since the FATA is directly controlled by the Punjabi Establishment via the Corrupt FATA secretariat and its Predominate Punjabi Bureaucracy and Political Agents who are Direct rulers of FATA and with Fascists God Like Authority and as the Powerfull Arms of Punjabi Establishment .

It is strange that , NAB and Ehtesab Bureau has not caught a Single Person from FATA for Corruption and its Rulers who are just Figures heads and Dummies like 8 Senators and 12 MNA of FATA and countless Local People who work for FATA secretariat are never probed by the NAB , National Accountability Bureu and since 1947 , less then 2 % of What was Allocated budgets is actually Applied to the Projects which exists on the record , rest of 98% goes to Pockets of Punjab Federal Secretariat and the President of Pakistan  and also the , Punjabi Secretaries of Islamabad and Also the bureaucracy of Pakhtunkhwa are although not directly involved only the Political Agents and Tehsildars low grade officers Muhrars and also lower grade class 4 employees are all billionaires in rack in corruption which is Highest in Pakistan and world even for the record

No Jurisdiction of Ehtesab Bureau in FATA 

As mentioned Above Ehtesab Bureau is Provincial Department and not a Federal Entity like the NAB , so FATA is not Part of Pakhtunkhwa and it has 8 Senators and also 12 MNA and No MPA that sits in the Pakhtunkhwa Assembly hence it is a Separate Province technically but in the Constitution of Pakistan it is not Given any Legal Status and No laws of Pakhtunkhwa or either of its Department has any Relationship with FATA and so is the Ehtesab Bureau of Pakhtunkhwa .

Safron Ministry or Department of Aliens ( Not Outer Space Aliens ) or Illaqa Ghair 

I though the the whole day and could not figure what the hell this ministry was and although this ministry exists and it controls the area of Pakhtunkhwa which are under direct control of federation the 6 Fr areas in Pakhtunkhwa and others in Baluchistan . As well as 7 Agencies of FATA areas , and it is only Ministry in Pakistan that can be called the Illegal or Rogue Ministry as it is not under the control of Pakistan constitution and it is Governed by only one Article that is Article 247 as it has no relationship with rest of Pakistan and it can be called “”Illaq Ghair “”, “” The Others area / Aliens “”, Ministry and it is although under control of Interior Ministry and yet it is a Ministry in its own right and it no Part of Pakistan constitution applies to it and it a Government within a Government and it control’s the following areas 


2. FR areas

3. FANA ( Gilgat and Baltistan known as Federally administered Northern Areas )

SOURCE  http://alijakhan.blogspot.com/2015/10/understanding-fata-status-and-governance.html


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A: Tribal Areas and Constitution of Pakistan:

Article 246 and Article 247 define the Tribal areas of Pakistan and they are divided into 4 types of Tribal areas which are as Follows

  1. FATA  ( Federally Administered Tribal Areas) Agencies, Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orazkzai, Kurrum, North Waziristan, South Waziristan,
  2. FR,s ( Frontier Regions ) Fr Peshawar , Fr Kohat, Fr Bannu , Fr Lakki, and Fr Di-khan districts
  3. PATA (provincially Administered Tribal Areas) Swat, Dir Upper, Dir Lower, Buner, Shangla and Malakand Districts.
  4. FANA ( Federally Administered Northern Areas ) Gilgit and Baltistan

Although they are part of Pakistan according to Article 1 of Pakistan 1973 constitution that defines Pakistan territories, but are governed very differently and actually Governed as British Viceroy did by force and inhuman and Degrading Laws called FCR the “Frontier Crimes regulation” that are implemented via Article 247 . British Governed Pashtuns and Baluchistan this way since1893 after Durand line formation. These laws allows for inhuman and Degrading Laws called FCR40 , that allows for collective Punishment of whole villages and towns .

These Laws were kept by Pakistan since 1947 although no one wanted them and Tribal’s were never even Asked about it in 1947 when FATA and Pakhtunkhwa (NWFP) joined the Federation of Pakistan in a Referendum that Just Asked one Question, Do you want to join Pakistan or India, although Geographically FATA and Pakhtunkhwa was Near Afghanistan and this Question was avoided in referendum Tactfully.

Legitimacy of Durand line was accepted without Pashtuns Consultation, although the partition act of India had made the All the Agreement between the Viceroy / East India Company redundant, Mysteriously Durand Line Agreement was kept Intact when Pakistan was carved out of India by British via Partition act.

West of Durand Line in Afghanistan East of Durand Line nobody was asked anything and East of Durand line, what is now Pakhtunkhwa, FATA, FANA and Baluchistan nobody was asked anything and Elected and Sitting Assembly of Pakhtunkhwa was never consulted in 1947 and Political People were sidelined by British knowingly.

B: Why Pashtuns only Targeted for these Inhuman Laws ?:

British viceroy made some special laws for These Tribal areas , in order to suppress and subjugate the Pashtuns these laws were draconian and inhuman and oppressive and Violated every aspect of human rights that British themselves believed in and Imagine British had a Parliament in Britain 1893 as well in 1947 at that time and they oversaw the East India company and yet they believed in Oppression and brutality as Punishment for Pashtuns resistance to their Designs of Domination of Central Asia .

British wanted Punish and Suppress the Rag tag and poor Pashtuns although who had been ruler of India for last 1000 year’s since Alaptagin and Subtagin  and then Mehmood Ghaznavi and Ghori who came from Afghanistan after 800 AD just when Islam was Rising in Arabia after 700 AD , and it has Reached Samarkand and Bukhara which were Part of Afghanistan at that time and later separated in Panjdeh , wars by Czarist Russians when Pashtuns were becoming Weekend and Unable to Defend India and Afghanistan, because of Infighting and Power struggle between themselves and also the Tajiks Mughals and Hazaras.

Afghans and Pashtuns  Gave culture and Religion to India from , and this was the Main reason for the brutality that the British wanted Suppression of only the Pashtuns whom they thought were the Only ones to challenge them .

The Punjabis had joined the British as Sepoys in British Army and Bengalis had as well after fall of Tipu Sultan, they were providing the back Bone of British army as Bengalis Sappers, and Punjab Piffers.

They were fear full of Pashtuns who were the real challengers of British and they knew Pashtuns have always provided leadership to India and they knew they were their real challengers.

In All of Indian subcontinent.  Which was included current Afghanistan. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, only Pashtuns had always ruled and provided real challenge.

British has been Using  Punjabi Sikhs and Muslim as most loyal , Loyal puris ( Faisalabad ) as they used to call them and Especially their Ruler Ranjeet Singh , which they Created from a Governor of Punjab under Durrani kings Timur shah and his son Zaman shah ,

British  Provided Punjabis with British money , Military  technology , Training and even supplied the Ranjeet Sigh with European Officers and even 12 European Generals to make his Army Trained and Strong to Fight the Wars at North Western Fronts at Lands of Pashtuns with Pashtuns.

The tiny country of Britain had become lucky when they Got Loyal Puris or Punjabis as they called them a Natural mercenary and Militant Nation.

The British Army under East India company were using the Biharis and Bengali for their sepoys and they used to call them Bengal regiments.

Punjabi was now serving them in their Army as soldiers against the Pashtuns with Gora officers in command. This was their luck they would tax the people and take their money and then use the same money to buy the soldier from Punjab and Bengal.

In-fact the British had conquered the whole of India without a proper fight apart of Tipu sultan a man of Pashtun descent who ruled Bihar.

Bahudur Shah Zafar and Mughals were Lame and lazy and they had no kept a proper Army even , and King was only Interested in Poetry and Wine. It was the Pashtuns who considered Mughals as Muslims and helped them keep the crown for last 100 yeaar from 1757-1857, as Ahmad Shah Abdalis help made them as this .

Afghanis always used to have their Army from Pashtun belt of now Pakhtunkhwa + FATA and Baluchistan for their adventures into India and this was ascertained as Fact by British.

So they devised a scheme of suppressing the Pashtuns, by use of FCR and its 40 Rules called FCR40. The Pashtuns and Baluchis were Punished for Resisting British and Punjabis , Bengali Biharis were Rewarded for their Loyalty to British. FCR is known as “Frontier crimes Regulations”, this Law comprises of 40 Laws that calls for Collective Punishment and Destroying homes and Villages in bulk if just one Person commits Crime in Tribal Area.

 C:  Why Pakistan Adopted the Policies of British East India company?:

This Laws enables Jailing and Hanging a Person for any Crime on Earth that he has committed, if the Political Agent (The rep of Viceroy of East India company that Still Exists in FATA even Today under a controversial legal cover of Article 247) wants he can do that, after Pakistan was made carrying this system without any consent was both criminal and speaks volumes of Intention of Pakistan to Treat Pashtuns with same Stick as Viceroy and East India company Treated them.

In fact the tribal Pashtuns are even Slaves even Today and People as Joke call the FATA as “Maqboza Qabilistan “, which mean that Tribal’s are under Siege of British even Today, the Gora Sahib Left but the Kala Shaib of Punjab (Federal Government of Pakistan which is run by Punjabis as they claim they are 70% of Pakistan) still treats them with contempt and Hate and use Similar Tactics as British on Pashtuns.

D: How FCR was removed from Pakhtunkhwa:

The Pakhtunkhwa  /NWFP, Baluchistan and Gilgit Touching Durand Line Just Like FATA was Also  under FCR after 1893 , but when the World war 2 Approached, then British held the Round  table conference and they called reps from allover India.

From Pakhtunkhwa Brother of Bacha khan Dr Khan sahib who was the First FRCS of India as Doctor as well, he was the First CM of Pakhtunkhwa who had defeated the British Protégé and their Civil Servant Sahibzada Abdul Qayum khan (Role in Durand Line Formation as Representative of British in 1893) of Topi Swabi, who was a British Agent with no confidence motion to become the First CM of Pakhtunkhwa.

Dr khan sahib had the full backing of Pashtun democratic forces in form of Bacha khans Awami National Party called National Awami Party called NAP at that time now known as Awami National Party, he demanded Removal of FCR and lord Curzon laws and hence from Pakhtunkhwa the British Reluctantly removed FCR and Tribal status from Pakhtunkhwa but they cunningly kept the FATA, FR, PATA regions under FCR40 laws.

This limited democracy was allowed only because of pressure of Bacha khan and Pashtuns, and because of weakness of British army to contain them in 2nd world war, otherwise there intentions was to keep Pashtuns forever under these draconian laws, Pakistan government follower lord Curzon policies and they till day keep on doing it now on one pretext or another.

So as Baluchistan (Kalat State it Old name before 1971) was also part of Pakhtunkhwa as it was equidistant from Durand Line in 1893 and it touched Durand line, So When FCR was Lifted from Pakhtunkhwa after Round Table conference 1935, it was lifted from Baluchistan as well. But some areas of Baluchistan are still under FCR like Dera bugti area.

 E: Why Pakistan is sticking to Lord Curzon Degrading Laws as Article 246, 247 and FCR 40 ?:

The Pakistanis are using false assumptions the British Created , that Tribal’s don’t want democracy or this system because of Tribal culture , which was a Lie , as Pashtuns had been giving systems of Equality and Government based on Islam , or other religions to India for Generations .

Currently Pakistan is saying the same things while, not teaching the real history in schools and misinforming the public about the Real History of Pashtuns.

They are now making a lame excuse that “It is Tribal culture”, well this is joke of highest order as How can FCR40 allowing degrading and inhuman atrocities that Israel cannot even think to commit, is allowed under a legal law in Tribal areas.

How can FCR40 that allows collective punishments be a culture of Pashtuns, how barbaric it is that whole Tribe is punished for crime for 1 man?

How inhuman and degrading it is that one is allowed to be kicked out of Agency for not obeying a Political agent a civil servant of Government of Pakistan who can be a most corrupt man as most of Political Agent seats are sold , How cruelty is legalized by Pakistan in this civil world .

It is amazing this law was never challenged by supreme court even when it is against Basic Human Rights and all the Fundamental Human Rights Articles and laws of constitution that allows Human Rights violations, supreme court can do that but it avoids this issues as it is run from, behind the scenes by Punjabi establishment who pick and chooses the judges based on their loyalty to Punjabi establishment.

They degradation and insult never stops here the political agent who represent the federal Government also does not make CNIC or other Documents like Passport or even register them for votes if he want to of  Tribal’s who are not in their Good Books .

only Respite for Tribal’s is when they Migrate to Areas like Nearby Pakhtunkhwa or Karachi or Punjab like Rawalpindi or Islamabad where they make new CNIC or Proclaiming that they are not from Tribal areas .

This changes their world now they are free citizens and are able to vote or stand in elections, although they will keep the shinwari, Afridi, mohmand, Bangash, Turi, Wazir in their names as tell tale of their origins as Tribal’s .but their status from “slave” is changed to a free man.

They can now own property, Travel abroad, send their children to school and don’t worry about Political agents a, Tehsildars or FC knocking on their roads and taking them to lock ups or jail without a Trial or Appeal even, or destroying their homes.

They are happy in this new world and rarely would talk about their dark world of Tribal areas oppressed legally by Government under Article 247, 246, that makes them legal slaves under all powerful corrupt civil servant Political agent, they would never dare to say anything in the free world of settled areas as they are afraid of Political agent even in settled area guess why? ,

Just because FCR40 is implemented on them in settled areas / Non Tribal area of Rest of Pakistan Legally makes them slaves of Political Agent and Federal Government even in those Areas where Article 247,246 is not implemented.

Why such slaves or “Maqboza Qabilistan”,  Tribal’s, are being forcibly ruled like Lord Curzon did by Pakistan and wool is woven over eyes of people and why Oppression is a Policy of Pakistan for Pashtuns ? is beyond comprehension and degrading.

F: Confused Rule in 6FR Area and FATA  :

  1. In FATA

There are 7 Agencies (North to South are Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Orakzai, Kurrum, North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agencies), Although FATA is ruled by a Political Agent or the FATA Secretariat found in Islamabad.  , along with 2 APA, s (Assistant Political Agents )  and Each APA has 2 Tehsildars , who reports Directly to President of Pakistan via Governor Pakhtunkhwa Although Governor has no real Powers, he is ceremonial head only. Supreme court Law does not work here and so is Pakistani Laws and it was reason for rise of Taliban here.

  1. In FR Area

There are 6 FR,s (North to South are FR Peshawar , Kohat , Orakzai , Bannu , Lakki and DI Khan  Frontier Regions or FR,s ) Although FATA is ruled by a Political Agent, FR Has completely Different system it has no System at All , or FATA Secretariat to control it . There and no one Rules in it it is dream of No Man land and Paradise for criminals, It is devoid of any Administration. No Political Agent or Tehsildars or Anybody it is Just ruled by order of Adjacent Tehsil DCO , or District coordination officer from Pakhtunkhwa ,  Which is big Anomaly that a Territory under Federal Government is run by a Provincial Government Rep DCO. Although All the 6 FR are found inside of Pakhtunkhwa Border Area un like the FATA which has a border with Pakhtunkhwa. The FR has a own Minister in Federation even called as Minister of Federal Regions , while it is totally devoid of any federal control which is Funny and a Anomaly. Supreme Court Law does not work here and so is Pakistani Laws and it was reason for rise of Taliban here.

3.  In PATA

There are 5 PATA (Swat, Dir Upper, Dir Lower, Buner, Shangla and Malakand Districts. ) Although PATA is not ruled,  by a Political Agents, and the FATA Secretariat.  PATA  has almost same system as FATA but there is a twist that a MPA , or member sits in Provincial Assembly of Pakhtunkhwa. So in Total confusion the Article 247 works here and FCR is used by DCO,s under Provincial Government to Punish collectively the whole Villages for crimes of 1 person, no Law passed in Pakhtunkhwa Assembly can work here if not counter signed by President of Pakistan.

  1. In FANA

There are 5 FANA , Federally Administered Northern Areas(Swat, Dir Upper, Dir Lower, Buner, Shangla and Malakand Districts. ) Although FANA is not ruled by a Political Agents, and the FATA Secretariat.  FANA has almost same system as FATA but there is a twist that a FANA or Gilgit Baltistan Assembly has been Raised and it now function while being totally powerless.   MPA, or member sits in Provincial Assembly of FANA (Gilgit Baltistan) .  So in Total confusion the Article 247 works here and FCR is used by DCO,s under Provincial Government to Punish collectively the whole Villages for crimes of 1 person, no Law passed in FANA ( Gilgit Baltistan ) can work here if not counter signed by President of Pakistan. Supreme Court Law does not work here. The New Provincial Assembly is a total Joke and it is not ratified by any constitutional Amendment and it can’t be even called a Provincial Assembly. Traditionally it was part of Pakhtunkhwa and under Governor Pakhtunkhwa but now it mess of governance as it is not  a province ( No amendment in constitution and it is Artificially being called part of Kashmir although it was Liberated in 1948 by its own people and they never were Part of Kashmir in Past)

 G: Article 246,247 and FCR40 is keeping Tribal’s Backwards:

This System of legal Oppression is keeping the Tribal’s backward and Non-Progressive Because Bureaucrats Political Agents who Buy the Seats of power so that they can Have Part in thriving smuggling and Other Illegal Activities, Militarism/Talibanisation, that run with Blessing of Pakistani Government and also the Strategic depth and other schemes of “Get Rich soon” , that are done using the tribal’s as Labor .

As this Policy allowed not a Single University in FATA, for Last 70 Years in 7 Agencies of FATA, and 6 FR  areas , which are under federal Government although FR Areas are found inside of Pakhtunkhwa Borders , this Makes a very Interesting spectacle as FR Areas people are very confused because the invisible Border of 6 FR areas clearly demarcates the haves and have not’s .

Tribal’s are confused and Bewildered that while a Neighbor who Happens to be in Settled Areas (Outside of Article 247 in Pakhtunkhwa) , has all the Amenities and Facilities and he while  a few feet away has nothing No Gas in Pipelines , No Electricity for 20 Hours a Day ( As tribal’s don’t pay Electricity Bill by an Unwritten code of conduct between Political Agents and tribal’s ) , No Schools or University for last 70 Years but his neighbors in Pakhtunkhwa has everything .

This creates a friction and Jealousy between a Tribal and Pashtun of Pakhtunkhwa  that is difficult to explain to “Illiterate and Jahil”  Tribal’s who education is Zero and he known nothing of Lord Curzon ,  East India company or Article 247,246 and FCR40, he cares less he wants these things for himself and his elected members also cant do anything for him.

He think he is being ruled by law of Kafirs ( Un Believers)  , as Sufi Muhammad belonging to Tribal Area of PATA in Swat said famously , his son in law Mullah Fazlulaah , said that “ Tribal Laws of FCR40 and Article 247 is law of Non-Muslims and he wowed to wage Jihad struggle for Oppressed against the Pakistan Government .

He was not far from Truth , this is law of Oppression and a Military Action was Started in tribal Areas and PATA , Pakistan Army quelled the Uprising but nothing was done to remove Article 247.

H:  Why Not removal of Article 246,247 and FCR40 Why only Amendment:

Presently there is a bill in National Assembly in Year 2014 , of Pakistan presented by Mr. Farhat Ullah Babar of PPP Pakistan Peoples Party about FATA  that Article 247 should be Amended , but seriously the Part about Abolishment of Article 247 is not Discussed at all , even after Instructions of Supreme court of Pakistan has been Passed to Amend FCR40 Laws that are provided Legal cover under Article 247 of constitution.

In Last government when the 18th Amendment Bills was presented and it was ANP, Awami National party that wanted to Abolish the Article 247 , it was 8 Senators and 12 MNA elected from FATA that caused Obstruction of Abolishment of this law .

It was no Surprise as Most of those so called Senators and MNA all buy out the elections via Money and most of them are Drug Smugglers and Smugglers of Goods from Karachi Port to Durand line in grab of Afghan transit trade and then use these Good meant duty free for Afghanistan to be sold in Pakistan in Bara or Karkhano Markets that are Opened in FATA near border with Pakhtunkhwa.  They fear that their Smuggling will stop when Article 247 will be abolished.

They wanted to keep the tribal’s as Backward and only are interested in their illegal trade and Money making. Most of them are War lords and Drug Lords.

Second biggest Opponents of Article 247 are the Mullahcracy and they have vested interest in FATA , that they want to use FATA as Launching pad for their , Taliban for their Money making Schemes of Invasion of Kashmir,  Afghanistan and Iran .

USA offered Industrial zone with free Access to USA for Good that were either assembled or Made here and tax free status, yet Pakistan Government never was interested in this scheme and they sabotaged it from the Beginning.

Then Pakistani Establishment Put a Spanner in Abolishment of Article 247 and stopped the 18th Amendment was done none other the Army chief who stopped it, All the Right Wing Parties especially the Mullahcracy like Jamaat Islami (Who, s role in Rapes and Murder of East Pakistan is no Secret) , PTI and PMLN all want to play its Part in not Allowing the tribal Status to be changed .

They want the Hand of Punjabi Establishment to be Strong over FATA, and tribal’s and rule them like Lord Curzon and degrade and humiliate them.

I :  Stake of Punjabis in Not removal of Article 246,247 and FCR40:

Punjabi don’t want removal of Article 247 who rule Pakistan Politically as well more strongly Via the Army and Establishment and capture almost 70- 90% of Power seats in there . They don’t previously divided the Pashtuns by separating them into Baluchistan in 1971, after one unit and put them under this Tag although Majority Population of Baluchistan are Pashtuns and not Baluchis .

They chalked the border in such a way that Pashtun would be a Minority even in Pakhtunkhwa and also , they put half of their Population in Baluchistan ( Previously Kalat State ) , and half them in Pakhtunkhwa and FATA , FANA even.

Why so much Division was it Divide and rule of British that was Adopted as a Policy? , yes it was Political Power of Pashtuns was Degraded and that was reason to Maintain the Status quo of FATA , where 15% of Pakistan Population Lives ( No consensus of Population Exists even after 70 year since 1947 ) and Pakhtunkhwa another 15% Pashtun Lives.

In Baluchistan another 10% Pashtuns live  ( No consensus of Population Exists even after 70 years since 1947 ), and if you add all this up it comes to about 40% of Pakistan Population challenging the Majority status of Punjabis if you add the 10% Population of Pakistan as Pashtuns that Lives in Karachi , and another 10% in Sairiki Area of DG Khan , Mianwali and Multan making them 60% of Pakistan.

Punjabi were never majority in Pakistan and by Artificially Adding Sairiki and Pashtuns from Pakhtunkhwa area , the majority of Pashtuns were Diminished by a clever Plan.


There is No way that , Article 247 or FCR40 will be Abolished ever by Pakistan and it will be Kept as long as Pakistan does not stop using the tribal’s Pashtuns as Fodder for Military Incursions and War into Afghanistan , Kashmir and Iran in Future. The Only way to stop is starting with Abolishing Article 247 and FCR40 .







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British Titled and most loyal to them , Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum (1863 – 3 December 1937)‚ hailing from Topi‚ Swabi District‚  the home of Qadianis of Pakhtunkhwa , was a distinguished Bureaucrat and Civil Servant in good Books of British and having Access to British Raj Governor of NWFP directly and Had Special friendship with Sir George Roosekeeple Fist Commissioner and Political Agent to FATA .

Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan who started as Tehsildar and then a Political Agent of Khyber Agency and Also Torghur Tribal Area in Hazara District and Amb District ( Now made Settled Area in 2012 ) .


He is perhaps best known for Negotiating the Durand Line Agreement representing the British Viceroy in 1893 at a Durand Line Border Committee Meeting with Representative from Afghanistan The Qadiani Sahibzada Abdul Latif  also Known as Raes I Kabul and , who was representation King of Afghanistan Amir Abdul Rehman Khan as Court Prominent Ulema representing him.

In the year 1893 during rule of King Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan a Royal Commission for setting up of Boundary the Durand line between Afghanistan and the British governed India was set up to negotiate terms with the British and the two parties camped at Parachinar. It was Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan of Topi Swabi a famous Qadiani Who Put the Stone that Divided the Pashtun Nation into now Afghans and Pakistani Pashtuns .

This Laying of Stone was in Exact Middle of Pashtun Belt and was Basis of Weakening of Pashtun Majority in Both Afghanistan and Pakistan , Pashtuns are now Relegated to a Minority in Current Status on both sides of Durrand line.

This Border committee Meeting took Place on 12 Nov 1893 at Parachinar Khyber Agency as Parachinar was part of Khyber Agency at that time and Kurrum and Khyber Agency Along with Orakzai Agency was one Entity at that time.

This Durand line was Demarcated by these Two Qadiani / Ahmadi Sahibzada,s one representing the British was him as  Loyal Subject Sir Sahibzada Qayyum Khan of Topi Swabi  Serving as Tehsildar of Khyber Agency ( Later Poltical Agent) and a Qadiani and other Qadiani Sahibzada as Mullah or Alim ( Learned Man ) of Royal Afghan  court from Afghanistan was Sahibzada Abdul Latif  Hailing from Said Gai Village of Khost  and Also Known  as Raes I Kabul as his Wealth Acquired from Un- known sources .

Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum of Topi Swabi (1863 - 3 December 1937)

Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum of Topi Swabi (1863 – 3 December 1937)

Both Sahibzada were very close friends as Sahibzada Abdul Latif and Sahibzda Abdul Qayum Friendship went before the Durrand line , and in fact younger Brother of Sahibzada Abdul Qayum had the same name as Sahibzada Abdul Latif.

Although the Sahibzada Abdul Latif from Afghanistan has his Head chopped off for Being a Qadiani and his role in Dividing the Pashtuns and for His Treachery,  was Assassinated by the same Afghan King Amir Abdul Rehman Khan when he found that his Representative to Durand line was a Qadiani and Follower of Qadiani Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in 1902.  Many Qadianis/ Ahmadi,s  were Persecuted by Afghan King after that and Many Flee Afghanistan to FATA and Bunnu and DI Khan  Area of Pakistan after that .

AF-PAK map Before Durrand line 1893.

AF-PAK map Before Durrand line 1893.

This line was demarcated in right in the Middle of Pashtun Areas , Dividing them into such Arrangement that they became a Minority in both sides of Durand line and they lost their Majority Status  in Both in Afghanistan and Indian areas , now in Pakistan Pashtuns are further subdivided so that officially they are only counted as 10% of Pakistan although they are according to some Un-official Estimates more then 50% of Pakistan .

Royal Mullah Shahibzada  Abdul Lateef  Ahmadi / Qadiani

Royal Mullah Shahibzada Abdul Lateef Ahmadi / Qadiani Original Picture 1898.

This ceremony of Stone placing was done by these Two Sahibzada and it was done in 1893, and this status quo was kept until 1902, as it was verbal Arrangement  and it was agreed upon by the Durrani Kings and British Viceroy as well . Initially Proposed as Spheres of Influence and not a boundary it was forcefully enforced as a Border by British and now Pakistan State .

The Incredulity of this Agreement is this that Actual Agreement was Written by Political secretary Mr. Durand in 1902, which is the official Date of  Durand line .

Mortimer Durand

Mortimer Durand

But Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum khan ,the representative from British was Well rewarded and promoted and had many Lucrative Posts with British Raj and East India Company and even when he died before Creation of Pakistan , many roads are named after him in Pakistan each and Every major city like Peshawar , Lahore , Islamabad and Karachi etc .


Qadianis also known as Ahmadis and Lahori  Jamaat in Pakistan Celebrate the Durand line as a big Success and they have given special Status to Sahibzada Abdul Latif a Ahmadi / Qadiani of Afghanistan and Chief Architect of Durrand line and Best Friend of Sahabizada Abdul Qayyum Khan who Together Places the Stone that was First Indicator of Durrand line which Divides the Pashtun race and has Awarded the Two Separate Identities to Pashtuns as Afghans and Pashtuns .

Ahmadis / Qadiani /Lahori Jamaat Hail this as their Best known Service to Queen of England and Feel Particularly Proud about this and Mentioned in many of their Publications , Their Leader  Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who claimed he was Messiah and Last Prophet ( Impostor )  and his follower whom he Termed as First Martyr of Afghan Ahmadi, s / Qadiani,s , as Sahibzada Abdul Latif ( Who Represented the King of Afghanistan and Cheated him on Boundaries as it was not recognized as Boundary but as Sphere of Influence but King was Deceived in Maters comparable to “Lost in Translation” , as King never knew to Read and Write English so he had to depend on Sahibzada Abdul Latif for English Translation ) .

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Pioneer and Head of Qadiani / Ahmadi Jamaat wrote two Book in Honor of Sahibzada Abdul Latif as well as Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan is Widely Celebrated for this huge success and Durand line still exist as a Border and a Disputed line between Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan  also is Great Hero for Qadianis/Ahmadi,s for his contribution to Ahmadi /Qadiani Sects and His Friendship he Developed with Sahabzada Abdul Latif when he was serving as Tehsildar Assistant to Political Agent of Khyber Agency Major Rooskeeple later General and Governor of Pakhtunkwa ( Name of Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum is still on Boards of Khyber Agency as First Tehsildar  which was United at that time as one Agency comprising of Khyber and Kurrum Agency )

Sir George Roos-Keppel First Political Agent to FATA Later Governor Pakhtunkhwa

Sir George Roos-Keppel First Political Agent to FATA Later Governor Pakhtunkhwa

Sahabizada Abdul Qayyum  is well known for his Persoanl Friend Ship with Governor and General Roos Keeple ( Some claim it was more then Friendship)  , who was First Representative Political Agent to FATA along with Tehsildar Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as one of First Tehsildar,s with him where he performed the Role as Agent of British Raj in Famous ” Durrand commission ” , Held in Kurrum Agency on 12 Nov 1893 at Khyber Agency at Parachinar


Rooskeeple was Later Made Governor of Pakhtunkhwa, and this was Beginning of his role in Implementing Many Objectives of British that is Universities and Schools in Pakhtunkhwa/ NWFP  area like the Islamia College Peshawar , as the British wanted to Influence the education and Islam of Pashtuns . Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum khan had many Personal Relationships with Lord Cunningham the first Governor of NWFP/Pakhtunkwa and with later ones like Rooskeple.

This was what Lord Maculay  Wanted and he wanted it through his representative in NWFP/ Pakhtunkwa that  were Governor Rooskeeple and Previous Governors that is Lord Cunningham and thier Big Boss Lord Curzon.

British Raj Head of East India Company , Lord Maculy Address Outlining his Plan to enslave Pashtuns and Indians as Strategy to British Parliament in 1835.

British Raj Head of East India Company , Lord Maculy Address Outlining his Plan to enslave Pashtuns and Indians as Strategy to British Parliament in 1835.

His Second Well known Deed is as educationists while being a Best friend and Pal of British Governor Rooskeeple  of NWFP , with his Partner the man from Charsada Near Peshawar Khan Bahudur  Ghulam Haider  ( Grand Father of Aftab Ahmad Sherpao ) in establishing Islamia College‚ Peshawar‚ the first education institution in Peshawar Pakistan‚ on the mold of Lord Macaulay Policies and that of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s of educating Pashtun on British Pattern away from their Culture and Tradition of Ancient Bukhara and Samarkand  Madrisa,s  and this was Strategy of British Primarily who Wanted to change the Old system of Afghan Education Madrisas  System of India as they had Ruled India for Last 5,000 years .

Consequently, on April 12, 1911, Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum  arranged a meeting of like minded people in Peshawar at the residence of Abdul Karim, contractor at Peshawar city,

Which was attended by Arbab Khan Bahudur (British title) Ghulam Haider Khan ( Grandfather of Aftab Sherpao Ex Interior Minister Pakistan ) of Tehkal, Habibullah Khan, Khushal Khan, Karim Bakhsh Sethi , Khan Bahadur ( British Title ) Mian Rahim Shah Kaka Khel and Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Qadiani of Topi Swabi ( Ex Tehsildar and Political Agent Khyber Agency , Maker of Durrand Line with Sahibzada Abdul Latif ) and others.

Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Qadiani of Topi Swabi moved the motion for collection of contributions, which was instantly responded to by cash donations by all present and Khan Bahadur ( British Title ) Mian Rahim Shah Kaka Khel of Nowshera, donated heavily at the meeting and promised to make a hostel for the students apart from the donation,which he did and still it stands in the campus as “Rahim Shah Ward”.

In addition to his instant cash donations, the Nawab of Dir promised further cash besides four hundred trees. The Nawab of Amb Hazara Mr.Nawab Muhammad Khan Zaman Khan  ( Swabi-Hazara Area Near Bella Village Now Under Turbella Dam Water Reservior ) of Amb also made huge cash contributions of Rs. 10,000,000 on request of Syed Abdul Jabbar Shah.

Subscriptions were also given by the Afridi Chiefs and leading religious elders. An example was set by Bibigul, widow of Khairullah Khans of Prang ( Sherpao Political family Belongs of Parang family), who gave her ornaments on Jun 6, 1911 as her subscription towards the college fund.

Subsequently, a large plot of land was purchased for the college building from the Khalils Mommands (Arbabs) of Tehkal. Rs. 1,50,000/- from Nizam of Hyderabad was sent by Syed Abdul Jabbar Shah to Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as donation for the college.

1917 Darband AMB Rt to Lt Nawab Khan Zaman Khan,Rooskeeple, last Sahibzada Qayum Khan

1917 Darband AMB Rt to Lt Nawab Khan Zaman Khan 2ndLT,Rooskeeple Middle , and 1st Rt Sir Sahibzada Qayum Khan sitting Middle

Hence Islamia College Peshawar was made , Islamia College (Urdu: اسلامیہ کالج ‎) is a renowned educational institution located in the city of Peshawar in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province ofPakistan. It was founded in October 1913 by regional leader Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum and then Chief Commissioner of the province Sir George Roos-Keppel,  Presently it is a Islamia College a Full Fledged University in Peshawar, since 2008.


In World War -2 The British lost the naval Power and they had not Enough resources to contain Frontier region under their control and they were suffering losses here.

The Mardan Punjab Regimental center and bombings from Raisalpur Air force base was also not enough to contain Pashtuns , They were short of finances and Money to contain the war effort in Indian subcontinent and especially in their Frontier region of Pakhtunkhwa / NWFP .

As whole Province was under FCR ( Frontier Crime Regulations which he and Rooskeeple had implemented after Durrand line demarcation ) , Draconian Laws that meant cruel and Inhuman laws that could crush any Resistance from Pashtuns and example of such Inhuman laws is not found anywhere in the world except Pashtuns areas of Pakhtunkwa , FATA and Baluchistan ( These Laws still Exits in Pakistan under a legal cover of Article 247 of Pakistan 1973 Constitution in FATA, FR Areas , Baluchistan and PATA)  and still resisted to change under Punjabi Establishment.

Such Laws meant Burning and Destroying House of any one who was threat Power of  British Raj , Not Granting that person any legal right to Documents of Identity , or Land or Property or Civic and Basic Human Rights that is supposed to be Entitled to any Human Being .  Sahibzada had Helped formulate these laws on FATA and Pakhtunkwa and Baluchistan ( Which was Part of Pakthunkhwa till 1971) .

Wars were constantly being Fought in Dir , Swat , Mardan and Charsada Areas as well as Tirah Khyber Agency , Waziristan North and South under resistance from Freedom Fighters and it was difficult to contain Pashtuns but there was Healthy Democratic movement which was Khudai Khidmatgar Movement a resistance Force of Bacha Khan of ANP against British .

So they decided to Give some Democratic Freedom to Pakhtunkwha in Round Table conference of 1935 Just before the world War Started and British Became Weak because of War with Hitler.

Although it has Big Holes in form of FR Areas , and PATA still under FCR which exists to date were left in Pakhtunkhwa as Tribal Areas where FCR still Exists .

Round Table Conference of 1935 in London with representatives from India .

Round Table Conference of 1935 in London with representatives from India .

Sahibzada Abdul Qayum,s  loyalty was greatly appreciated by British and was rewarded Well in full by them .


Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan  started his career as a civil servant under the British , but he eventually he is Remembered as  educationalists and His role as civil servant and under the British, and his Being a Loyal Title Holder as Sir and Sahibzada ( British Title of People Honored to have direct Access to British Governor of NWFP/Pakhtunkhwa  and his Blue eyed Protégé as a Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as a Title Holder ( Rewarded with Lands and Money ) and His Most Loyal to him and also to the Queen of England as Title holder as a Sir  ,is brushed under the carpet as he was Entrusted to Make Muslim League to Divide Pakistan later and his Help to Quaid I Azam

In 1887‚ Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum was appointed Naib Tehsildar and subsequently held several administrative portfolios i.e. Tehsildar‚ Chief Political Agent of Hazara‚ Revenue Assistant and Treasury Officer‚ Extra Assistant Commissioner‚ Superintendent of the Commissioner’s Vernacular Office‚ Assistant Political Agent Khyber‚ ‘Assistant Political Agent’ of Chitral‚ and then of Khyber Agency and then promoted to Assistant Political Agent of Khyber‚ FATA‚ during the period from 1891 to 1919.

Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum became the first Chief Minister of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in 1937. He was made Chief Minister of First Assembly of NWFP / Pakhtunkhwa , after  British lost their Power and they could not Handle the Pashtuns Militarily  and their campaigns in Swat and Malakand Yield no results against the Mighty Yousafzai,s , their Performance in Hazara and strong hold of Yousafzai,s  of Torghar and Manshera was also failing and they could not Keep the Pashtuns contained and they were suffering Losses Immensely in 1935,s After start of World War-2 .

Round Table Conference in 1935 in London with Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum British Loyal Bureaucrat from NWFP

Round Table Conference in 1935 in London with Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum British Loyal Bureaucrat from NWFP

They had no Option but to Give Political power to Pashtuns via Democracy and in 1937,s the First Provincial  Assembly of Pakhtunkhwa was established in Peshawar , but instead of Transferring the Power to Real Elected People , they came with Idea to place their Loyal Civil Servants and Ex -Tehsil dar and Political agent of Khyber Agency Mr Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan .

Quaid I Azam and Mulsim league had zero Representation in NWFP/Pakhtunkhwa , hence the Task was Given to Sir Sahibzada Loyal Servant of East India company to Make Muslim league in NWFP where there were no Hindus and Pakistan Two Nation Theory has no Standing because of Absence of Hindus in Pashtun belt of NWFP/Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan .

So Loyal Servant of Queens of England in form of Sahibzada Sir Abdul Qayum Khan of Topi Swabi Loyalist to British , was used who had blessing of British Viceroy  and Title to Match  and Monthly Pay from Queen of Britain own  Sir and Sahibzada , with personal Intimate Friendship to Sir George Rooskeeple and Sir Cunningham Governor of NWFP. Under close instruction of him Sir Sahibzada became Agent of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and All Indian  Muslim league. 

After  Muslim league was established and Sir Sahibzada Qayyum khan was made its First CM of NWFP in 1937 without winning any Seats from Pakhtunkhwa /NWFP, representing a Minority Government While the Majority was with Bacha Khan and his Khudai Khidmatgars or ANP  and Dr Khan Sahib as Elected Member who was brother of Bacha Khan .

Strong representation of ANP in Form of Bacha Khan and Dr Khan Sahib , and thier Army of Supporters in form of Khudai Khidmatgars , Dr Khan Sahib Known as Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan replaced him in Just mere 6 Month as First CM through his Brother Dr Khan Sahib in form of Elected Power of Pashtuns as Second CM of NWFP/Pakhtunkhwa . 

Khudai Khidmatgar Army and Awami National Party Volunteer had Majority rule in Pakhtunkhwa and in Provincial Assembly .

Khudai Khidmatgar Army and Awami National Party Volunteer had Majority rule in Pakhtunkhwa and in Provincial Assembly .

It may be noted when British  established the First Political provincial Assembly in Frontier and NWFP in 1937 , region now called the Pakhtunkhwa they also Changed the FCR frontier Crimes Regulations and NWFP/Pakhtunkhwa in 1935-7 Year after Round table conference in London which was Attended by Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum and Dr Khan Sahib .

Dr Khan Sahib was Succesful in changing the FCR laws in NWFP / Pakhtunkhwa areas while FATA was not able to changed from FCR and this Stutus continues to this day in form of Pakistan Constitution .

Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan had no roots in People of Pakhtunkhwa .

British had to change Status of Pakhtunkhwa changed to Settled Area from Draconian and In-human Laws Defying Human rights as Pashtuns called the  FCR ( Frontier crimes Regulations ) or  Collective Punishment , that mean Destroying the Houses and Property of Rebels to British Government . This status of Pakhtunkhwa remains to this day and it has not changed for last 100 or so year for FATA , the Tribal Areas where Pashtuns lives and they do not enjoy any Educational Institutions or Medical facilities for which they have to depend on Pakhtunkhwa .

Second CM as Dr Khan Sahib after Deposing Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as First CM of Pakhtunkhwa / NWFP

Second CM as Dr Khan Sahib after Deposing Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as First CM of Pakhtunkhwa / NWFP

After Dr Khan Sahib Won and Through No Confidence Motion , dislodged Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan loyal Servant to british he was installed as Second CM of NWFP / Pakhtunkhwa and hence ending the Legacy of Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum of Topi Swabi , Finished after he died shortly after in  1938 a Year later.

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Durand line is the Border that forms the International Boundary that separates the FATA, Baluchistan and NWFP and the Pakistan Area from the Afghanistan.

It extends from Wahkhan to Iranian border. This was created in November 12, 1893, after the British were severely defeated, in the Two Afghan Wars that British Empire Fought with Afghanistan and FATA and NWFP.

A series of conflicts known as the Anglo-Afghan wars during the imperialist Great Game between the British and Russia, led to the eventual dismemberment of Afghanistan.

Durand Line form the series of Divide and Rule Phenomena that British had recipe for their Enemies and to control Power of Muslims especially Pashtun who Brought Islam to Sub-continent from Afghanistan to India and Bangladesh Including Pakistan area

The annexation to India of the NWFP and FATA regions led to the demarcation of the Durand Line ,as part of British South Asia.. The Durand Line is named after Sir Mortimer Durand , Foreign Political Secretary of the British Indian government in Kabul (1884 to 1894), and the treaty also granted the Amir of Afghanistan (Abdur Rahman Khan) an annual salary from Britain along with shipments of weaponry.

One of the two representatives of the Government of Afghanistan was the Ahmadi / Qadiani  Sahibzada Abdul Latif of Khost, he had been appointed as a member of the Royal Commission, set up to negotiate terms with the British, and the two parties camped near the Khost border with  Parachinar ( Kurram/ Khyber  Agency which was one at that time  ) in 1893 .

Royal Mullah Shahibzada Abdul Lateef Ahmadi / Qadiani

Latter on the Sahibzada was Killed, by the Amir Himself on July 14 1903, as he Openly declared himself an Ahmadi and forbade his followers to Fight British. He had Joined the Ahmadiyya movement by offering Bay’ah ( Promises and allegiance to Mirza Ghulam Ahmadi ( Founder of Ahamadi/ Qadiani  Movement and claiming to be Prophet ) and Advocating an Idea of not Fighting the British as he and his Jammat thought , Jihad against British was not Required .

The Noted Person to Attend the Durand Line commission from British side was Ahmadi Shabizada Abdul Qayum  the Noted civil Servant of NWFP ( Pukhtunkwa ) , who was the First CM of NWFP Later in 1937.

Sahibzada Abdul Qayum of Topi Swabi British Representative to Boundary Commission Later called Durand Line

Sahibzada Qayum Khan was at that time Political Agent of Khyber Agency and he was First Non British one , at that time promoted from Tehsildar after he accomplished the Durand line Agreement as a reward , and He was given Prominent Position Later including being the First CM of NWFP/ Pakhtunkwa and was only Replaced after 8 month after he was Kicked out by Bacha Khan  in First Assembly of Pakhtunkwa .

Sahibzada was very close of Roos Keepel the First Commissioner to Pakhtunkhwa and FATA region and was Right Hand man of British Viceroy and Governor NWFP.

While the Afghan side greatly resented the border and viewed it as a temporary development, the British viewed it as being a permanent settlement.

This was what was point of Deception offered to Amir by the Ahmadi envoy . Resulting in   Amir Killing Many Ahmadis in Afghanistan  and Making them Persona Non-Grata and Their Forced Expulsions .

The Amir / King was Clearly deceived by his envoy the Ahmadi Sahibzada Abdul Latif The border was drawn intentionally to cut through the Pakhtun tribes.

Most of Times the line crossed their Homes and Villages so that they had to cross the border several times of day for routine matters. The British, who had captured most of rest of South Asia without significant problems, faced a number of defeats  here.

This was their Ploy to defuse the Pashtun resistance through ” Divide and Rule ” and Use of Religion and it dismemberment through Firqahs ( Sectarians ) .

This Policy is at Work even now .

The First Afghan war(1838-1842), with the Pashtuns resulted in a devastating defeat, with just one a Doctor (Dr William Brydon) and  a person as a Witness coming back alive (Out of a total of 14,800-16,000 people).

First Afghan war 1840, with Total Annihilation of British Army

Dr William Brydon of Irish Origin in British Army a Surgeon

Many were Taken as Prisoners including a Thomas Souther , the Souther Camp made by USA in Jalalabad is testament to History  is name after that man recently when Brits and Americans have Invaded Afghanistan after 9/11.

A grim reminder the Great Game is still on .

The Second Afghan War 1843-1881, was basically the efforts of Amir of Afghanistan to Regain control of NWFP and its capital which had fallen to British, which culminated in treaty of Peshawar (1855) pacified the Relationship a little with both sides respecting Border.

The Third Afghan War ,was also lost by British and this taught the super power a lesson which was taught to many super powers before including Alexander the Great and Chenghez Khan all loosing to Pashtuns .

Unable to enforce their writ in the region, the British changed tactics and played a game of divide and rule, installing Puppet Pashtun rulers and dividing the Pashtuns through artificially created regions and ruling indirectly so as to reduce the chance of confrontation.

In 1901 , The Pashtun were divided into NWFP Baluchistan and Afghanistan when NWFP was carved out of Afghanistan .

Then FATA was further Carved out  from it and created as separate entity which was left to FCR-40 Anti -human Right and Draconian Laws .

Then Southern Punjab another area was seperated from NWFP and Joined with Punjab .

Very careful Planning was made the Pashtun should not be United .

Although up to 1937 Pashtun offered great resistance in Waziristan and in Swat and Malakand in 1937 .

By 1937 after resistance was overcome in Malakand and in Waziristan ( from Fiqit of IPI , the NWFP had its first Governor and Chief Minister ( Off course the Loyal to British Sahibzada Qayum of Topi Swabi who was instrumental in Forming Durand Line from British Side  )

The First Governor of NWFP was British Sir Lord Cunningham ( Famous Author of Diaries )

The first provincial elections were held in 1937 and an  independent Loyal to British  candidate and noted Loyal British Civil Servant Ahmadi , Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum Khan was elected as the provinces first Chief Minister.

In the Great Game ,Religious parties were used  Like Deobandi “Jamiat Ulema Hind”, Played a a major role .

So did the Jammat Ahmadia which was specially used for this purposes . Maulavi,s were used to Convince people that enemies of Islam were actually Russians not British as the former were Ahle-Kitab.

These Ulema and their Sahibzada ( Title Holders of British )  Khan Bahdur Agents ,used Islam for declaring jihad against Russia ,but it failed to Convince some Ulema like Faqir  of Api ( Waziristan of Dawar Area ), who made lot of trouble for British.

Faqir of Ipi of Waziristan ( Mirza Ali Khan ) , freedom Fighter Who recognized the Treachery of Deobandis as British Agents .

Each Maulvi would get 10 Rupees Per month to offer speeches in Sermons. The performance was Monitored by Commissioners reporting to First NWFP ( Pukhtunkwa ) Governor Lord Cunningham.

The Liaison was established by Khan Bahadurs and the Commissioners, Noted among them was Deputy Commissioner Sikindar Mirza ( Grand Son of Mir Jaffer the traitor  ) who served in NWFP ( Later to become President of Pakistan in 1950,s serving American well ) ,

Khan Bahadur Kuli Khan of DI Khan ( who was Political Agent Waziristan too and served British in many intrigues to Destabilize Afghan Emirs Government ) and Ghulam Hyder Khan of Village Sherpao Charsada ( Grand father of Aftab Ahmed Sherpoa The ex- Interior Minister of  Pakistan during Mushraff  Reign 1999-2007 and Previous CM of  NWFP )

Khan Bahudur Kuli Khan Political Agent Waziristan British Loyalist

Even Prime Minister of Swat are mentioned in the, “Diaries of NWFP Governor, Sir George Cunningham”, and are well preserved in the Indian Office Library in London, among his personal papers.

Original idea of Durand line was by Lord Lytton (1876-80) ,an idea of a scientific frontier based on Defense/Economic Interests of British Empire towards Russian Expanding Empire.

Military experts came to be divided into two groups – the forward and the backward.

1.  The backward group advocated that Indus should be the frontier line because the tribesmen were troublesome and would not tolerate interference; it was difficult and Expensive to fight in the mountains; and it was very expensive to have British Cantonments in the tribal territory.

2. The forward group advocated that the frontier should be from Kabul through Ghazni to Kandhar because unless the tribal country was occupied tribesmen would continue to give trouble; river Indus the  frontier was not a frontier at all; tribal area could pay the expenses of military occupation if its mineral resources were developed; and even if the policy was expensive it must be adopted for the sake of British Interests.

3. Ultimately a compromise was reached by mixing both Ideas.


In the beginning the British had adopted an attitude of conciliation. Tax free and free trade Zones were established in FATA , medical facilities were provided and tribesmen were recruited in the army and the police.

Since this policy could not remove the basic cause of the trouble—the economic needs of the area–it failed.

Inheriting such policy after Independence, and even now when USA is offering Economic Zones which sounds too familiar to what British Offered.

But worse as Economic free Zones are not Planned inside the FATA areas. All of them are Planned in settled areas exposing Incompetence of our Civil Servants.

No direct Economic benefit will be derived to People living there. The Great Game ( 1800-1998 ) Players have changed and new term is Coined “ The New Great Game “ (1998- Ongoing ), involving Economic Interest of USA , Russia , China and India , Documented by Authors like

  1. Kleveman, Lutz. The New Great Game
  2. Blood and Oil in Central Asia, by Dr. Makni,
  3. The New Great Game: Oil and Gas Politics in Central Eurasia by Rashid, Ahmed Author of Taliban
  4. Islam, Oil and the New Great Game in Central Asia, I. B. Tauris.

Durand line in Danger of being Violated by all Players for their Interest even USA which claims to be an Ally.

The TAPI ( Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan Iran ), pipe line will be crossing the Durand line and reaching Gawadar.

IPI ( Iran Pakistan India ) would be too. Which is opposed by USA as it will compete with TAPI and also it benefit Iran instead of USA.

Energy Security is a fancy term defining its Geopolitical interest which requires USA to maintaining Military Bases in Afghanistan , Pakistan , Turkmenistan , CIS states and maybe Iran.

It wants to safeguard the Trade Routes and the Pipe lines for Indefinite period.

The Taliban were ousted from Afghanistan because they had Awarded the Oil Pipe line deal to Argentinian company “ Bridas “ , as opposed to UNICAL( USA Company )  , on whose board of directors sits Dick Cheney and Bush family.

Hamid Karzai ( Current President of Afghanistan ) was an Employee of this Company before he was installed President of Afghanistan by the US.


What lies in future is in Hands of Decision makers Pakistan, if we are to survive the Dance of Elephants and not get Trampled. Best Option seems to be, Solid agreements which based upon Interests of Pakistan . Changing our dependence on USA which has changed from Friend to Enemy or Frienemy.

Opening up more to China and Russia , India and Iran . Joining the “ Shanghai Corporation Organization “ to balance the Power . Rethinking/ Abandoning, the Kashmir Issue is the need of Hour as we have to concentrate more on Durand line than before.

Other wise consequences will be disastrous as War on Terrorism is ploy to Grab the Oil Resources and Establishment of Permanent US Militry Cantonments in Afghanistan.

Now when China , India is also fighting for same space in Afghanistan and Pakistan, seems to be left alone and uptill now is Alone to consequences by every body Even the friends of Pakistan have been Reluctant up till now to Donate money.

This situation , calls for us to Change our Short Sighted and Myopic Foreign policy aligned with that of USA , is failed policy . Instead of taking advantage of the Trade which is swelled to 1 Billion US Dollars and Undocumented can be thrice of this amount , We have to Sit up and wake up to Realities.

Our Government and Establishment is stuck in ATTA and Money crises . it  should wake up and realize that we don’t have to beg from Doners but Impose our National Interest and Profit from the Trade.

The Taxes on Fuel and Petrol to Afghanistan was reduced to zero from 6.60 Rupees on each liter is also not good action. We should levy tariffs on the Trans –trade , which is reaching up to Afghanistan and even Russia .

As the land locked countries can benefit from the Trades. We should open up a Trade zones and Free ports in Tribal Areas, this will enable the poor people to Benefit from Economic Progress. The Tribal Areas , should be given the same status as NWFP and its Representatives allowed to sit in NWFP assemblies.

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